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Adverse life experiences associated with obesity and binge eating disorder

It’s interesting how much our life experiences and overall mental wellness impact our future choices and risk for chronic conditions…

In this article, “life adverse experiences” are defined as, “all kinds of traumatic experiences occurring in childhood, adolescence and adulthood, which include emotional abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, sexual harassment, rape, bullying by peers, witnessing domestic violence, and serious accidents that threatened the lives of subjects.”

 

J Behav Addict. 2016 Mar;5(1):11-31. doi: 10.1556/2006.5.2016.018.

Life adverse experiences in relation with obesity and binge eating disorder: A systematic review.

Abstract

Background and aims Several studies report a positive association between adverse life experiences and adult obesity. Despite the high comorbidity between binge eating disorder (BED) and obesity, few authors have studied the link between trauma and BED. In this review the association between exposure to adverse life experiences and a risk for the development of obesity and BED in adulthood is explored. Methods Based on a scientific literature review in Medline, PubMed and PsycInfo databases, the results of 70 studies (N = 306,583 participants) were evaluated including 53 studies on relationship between adverse life experiences and obesity, 7 studies on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in relation to obesity, and 10 studies on the association between adverse life experiences and BED. In addition, mediating factors between the association of adverse life experiences, obesity and BED were examined. Results The majority of studies (87%) report that adverse life experiences are a risk factor for developing obesity and BED. More precisely a positive association between traumatic experiences and obesity and PTSD and obesity were found, respectively, in 85% and 86% of studies. Finally, the great majority of studies (90%) between trauma and the development of BED in adulthood strongly support this association. Meanwhile, different factors mediating between the trauma and obesity link were identified. Discussion and conclusions Although research data show a strong association between life adverse experiences and the development of obesity and BED, more research is needed to explain this association.

KEYWORDS:

binge eating disorder; obesity; trauma

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Traditional herbal medicine as modern dietary supplements…

Interesting perspective on the distinction between dietary supplements and “herbal medicine” – very much in-line with a seminar that I delivered at Hong Kong Polytechnic University a few years ago and a project that I just finished for a major pharma company. Unfortunately, the point is somewhat moot, given our current regulatory framework where herbs are classified as supplements and “traditional medicines” have a very expensive path to become “botanical drugs” – but there is not much possible in the middle ground…

 

Chin J Integr Med. 2017 Jan 20. doi: 10.1007/s11655-016-2536-8. [Epub ahead of print]

Non-scientific classification of Chinese herbal medicine as dietary supplement.

Abstract

This article focuses the category status of Chinese herbal medicine in the United States where it has been mistakenly classified as a dietary supplement. According to Yellow Emperor Canon of Internal Medicine (Huang Di Nei Jing), clinical treatment in broad sense is to apply certain poisonous medicines to fight against pathogeneses, by which all medicines have certain toxicity and side effect. From ancient times to modern society, all, or at least most, practitioners have used herbal medicine to treat patients’ medical conditions. The educational curriculums in Chinese medicine (CM) comprise the courses of herbal medicine (herbology) and herbal formulae. The objective of these courses is to teach students to use herbal medicine or formulae to treat disease as materia medica. In contrast, dietary supplements are preparations intended to provide nutrients that are missing or are not consumed in sufficient quantity in a person’s diet. In contrast, Chinese herbs can be toxic, which have been proven through laboratory research. Both clinical practice and research have demonstrated that Chinese herbal medicine is a special type of natural materia medica, not a dietary supplement.

KEYWORDS:

Chinese herbal medicine; dietary supplements; herbal medicine; non-scientific classification

Stress Cookies Ingredient Summary

Stress Cookies come in two flavors – Dark Chocolate and Crunchy Peanut Butter. Both versions share the same “salty oat” base that is slightly sweet and slightly salty (just what you want when you’re stressed).

Stress Cookies look like cookies – and taste like cookies – but they’re really more like healthy energy snacks that are high in protein (10-12g from whey/egg), low in sugar (5-6g), and moderate in healthy fat (4-6g) & smart carbs (12g prebiotic carbs & 5g fiber).

You can think of Stress Cookies as a superior choice compared to mainstream energy bars like Clif bars (protein for soy and ~5x higher in sugar) and Kind (~half the protein and ~3x the fat). They’re also a lot lower in total calories (150-160 per Stress Cookie) compared to a Kind bar (~200) or Clif bar (~260) – so you can enjoy a Stress Cookie any time that stress hits. I typically eat at least 2-per day – starting (breakfast) and ending (nighttime snack) my day on the right note and often having another Stress Cookie during a long running or cycling workout.

Don’t get me wrong – I’m not “against” Clif bars or Kind bars – they’re basically indestructible, so I carry them in my computer bag when traveling and in my glove compartment as “emergency” snacks for long trips – but I created Stress Cookies to have a superior nutrition profile and a superior “functionality” profile (reducing stress, improving focus, elevating mood, and enhancing sleep quality).

We only sell Stress Cookies online and we bake every batch “on-demand” by hand – so your Stress Cookies arrive fresh and vacuum-packed to your door within 2-3 days of coming out of the oven.

Let’s take a look at some of the goodness in Stress Cookies

First of all, you’ll see that Stress Cookies contain 3 “EQQIL” blends for carbs, proteins, and fats. EQQIL is the name of our company – our tagline is “Achieve Balance. Elevate Life.” The name “EQQIL” comes from the idea of restoring equilibrium (balance) in body/mind to achieve “Qi” (the concept of “life force” in traditional Chinese medicine).

EQQILTM Carb Blend: Rolled Oats, Wheat Flour, Brown Rice Flour, Sorghum Flour, Cane Sugar

Our primary source of carbohydrate is Rolled Oats for their ability to balance blood sugar and increase production of both serotonin (for good mood) and melatonin (for good sleep quality). Because Stress Cookies contain Wheat Flour, they’re not “gluten free” – but because our 5 carb sources are varied, they can be considered “low gluten” for people who are only moderately sensitive. Combining Brown Rice Flour and Sorghum Flour enables us to reduce our use of Wheat Flour – but we can’t eliminate it completely without “ruining” the delicious experience of Stress Cookies (gluten-free cookies are simply unsatisfying). Cane Sugar?!?! Despite what you may have heard about sugar being “toxic” – you might be surprised to learn that our brain is designed to perform optimally when using sugar (glucose) as its exclusive fuel source. In addition, our bodies are most efficient at burning stored fat for fuel when we have access to a small amount of sugar to “prime” the metabolic fat-burning machinery (“fat burns in the flame of carbohydrate” is a common saying among metabolism experts). The small amount of sugar (5-6g) that we use in Stress Cookies is just enough to give you the sweet taste that we all crave as part of our natural stress response – and the right amount to maximize serotonin/melatonin synthesis for good mood during the day (serotonin) and superior sleep quality at night (melatonin). The total carb content of Stress Cookies is 22-23g per cookie (about half of what you get in many energy bars) – with most of that coming from “prebiotic” carbs and fiber (both of which support the health of beneficial probiotic bacteria in our guts).

EQQILTM Protein Blend: Ultra-Filtered Whey Protein, Organic Free-Range High-Omega-3 Eggs

The quality of our protein blend is second-to-none (10g for Dark Chocolate & 12g for Crunchy Peanut Butter). We don’t use cheap inferior protein sources like soy or gelatin/collagen – we use the very highest-quality Ultra-Filtered Whey Protein Concentrate rich in immune-supporting immunoglobulins such as beta-lactoglobulin and alpha-lactalbumin – combined with ethically-raised Organic Free-Range High-Omega-3 Eggs to give you targeted benefits for muscle gain and fat loss.

EQQILTM Fat Blend: Grade AA Butter, Virgin Coconut Oil, Cold-Pressed Avocado Oil, RSPO-Certified Malaysian Red Palm Oil

I’ve been formulating nutrition products for long enough to remember when fat was “worse” than carbohydrates and “too much” protein was “dangerous” for some unexplained reason.  People get so (inappropriately) focused on specific macronutrients that we get hysterical and fooled into eating food abominations like nonfat SnackWell cookies or low-carb bread. Good grief! What the science tells us quite convincingly is that no single macronutrient (protein/fat/carb) is “good” or “bad” on it’s own – but the total amount (quantity) and source (quality) and ratio (balance) of macronutrients can be very important for overall well-being. This is why our blend of fat sources includes fat sources providing saturated fatty acids, monounsaturated fatty acids, and medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) that are also rich in naturally-occurring antioxidants such as vitamin E, carotenoids, and flavonoids.

EQQILTM Herb Blend: Corn grass [Zea mays] extract, New Zealand pine bark [Pinus radiata] extract, Enzyme-treated Asparagus [Asparagus officinalis] extract, SuntheanineTM L-Theanine

If Stress Cookies were simply a handmade-to-order healthy treat that tasted amazing, they would be a hit. But, it’s our proprietary blend of 4 research-proven herbal ingredients that really sets Stress Cookies apart in terms of their ability to address different aspects of stress:

  • Theanine (psychological stress) – a unique amino acid naturally found in green tea leaves. Theanine reduces the beta brain waves associated with tension/anxiety – and increases the alpha brain waves associated with relaxed alertness and calm focus.
  • New Zealand Pine Bark Extract (physiological stress) – contains OPCs (oligomeric proanthycyanins), that protect the body and brain from inflammatory and oxidative stress – improving both mental performance (of the brain) and physical performance (of the body).
  • Japanese Asparagus Extract (environmental stress) – a novel amino acid profile stimulates the production of anti-stress compounds called heat-shock proteins (HSPs) that improve the body’s stress resilience at the cellular level.
  • Corn Grass Extract (circadian stress) – contains high levels of MBOA, a non-drowsy phytonutrient precursor to serotonin and melatonin that improves mood during the day (serotonin) and dramatically enhances sleep quality at night (melatonin).

Eat a Stress Cookie (and drink a Stress Tea) – you’ll feel better during the day – you’ll sleep better at night – and you’ll reach personal performance levels that you’ve been missing out on because of your chronic stress exposure. It’s not an overstatement to say that you can “get lean by eating cookies” – as long as the “cookies” are Stress Cookies that deliver the right balance of high-quality proteins, smart carbs, and healthy fats – combined with our cortisol-lowering and motivation-enhancing herbal blend to get you in the right biochemical and psychological zones to be at your best.

Melatonin Unsafe for Kids?

Last week (Jan 6, 2017) the NY Times asked the question that millions of parents have been asking for years, “Is the sleep aid melatonin safe for children and adults?”

You can read part of the article pasted below or the original at the NYTimes.

Here are a few things that you should know about melatonin:

Melatonin is a hormone – and like any hormone, taking it on a regular basis means that your body is likely to stop making it’s own and you’ll become dependent on the external source (this is how people become “addicted” to melatonin and can’t sleep without it).

All of the “natural” melatonin supplements on the market are actually synthetic hormones – they’re not natural at all.

Melatonin helps only about half of the people who try it to fall asleep 5-10 minutes faster – but not to sleep longer or better. In fact, many people report the very common “melatonin hangover” where residual unmetabolized melatonin is “leftover” the next morning – resulting in you feeling groggy and sluggish.

The best use of melatonin is for short-term (2-3 days) treatment of jet lag or to recover from shift work – but melatonin is not meant for regular use in adults or children.

If you’re not sleeping well, there are a lot of potential reasons – but the primary cause of your restlessness is likely to be chronic stress. Stress Cookies use a natural plant-derived precursor of melatonin to reduce stress, boost mood, and improve sleep quality.

Phytotonin (“phyto” = “plant”) increases serotonin levels during the day (for improved mood) and increases melatonin levels at night (for improved sleep quality). Because Phytotonin is not a synthetic hormone, but a natural building block, your body only synthesizes as much serotonin/melatonin as it needs – so no more “melatonin hangover” to fight through the next day.

Our whole family – kids included – enjoy Stress Cookies to reduce stress, beat burnout, improve focus, elevate mood, and enhance sleep quality. They look and taste like “cookies” – but they’re very much healthy snacks with high protein (10 grams from whey/egg), healthy fats (coconut/avocado oil), and smart carbs (prebiotics). Give them a try – feeling good never tasted so good!

Thanks for reading,

Shawn

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Is the Sleep Aid Melatonin Safe for Children and Adults?

By KEVIN MCCARTHY date published JANUARY 6, 2017 6:39 AM

QUESTION: How safe is melatonin to take regularly for sleep problems? Are there more risks for children versus adults?

ANSWER: There’s a dearth of safety data for melatonin, but there are a number of potential concerns, especially for children.

“I think we just don’t know what the potential long-term effects are, particularly when you’re talking about young children,” said Dr. Judith Owens, director of the Center for Pediatric Sleep Disorders at Boston Children’s Hospital. “Parents really need to understand that there are potential risks.”

The pineal gland in the brain ramps up production of the hormone melatonin in the evening, as light fades, to encourage sleep, and it turns down production in the early morning hours. Synthetic forms of the hormone are also sold as a dietary supplement; because melatonin is found in some foods, like barley, olives and walnuts, it is regulated as a nutritional supplement rather than a drug, as most other hormones are.

In adults, studies have found melatonin to be effective for jet lag and some sleep disorders. It is also hugely popular as a sleep aid for children and can be useful for sleep disorders among those with attention-deficit disorders or autism, Dr. Owens said. “I rarely see a family come in with a child with insomnia who hasn’t tried melatonin,” she said. “I would say at least 75 percent of the time when they come in to see us” at the sleep clinic, “they’re either on melatonin or they’ve tried it in the past.”

While short-term use of the hormone is generally considered safe, it can have side effects, including headaches, dizziness and daytime grogginess, which could pose a risk for drivers. Melatonin can also interfere with blood pressure, diabetes and blood thinning medications.

Less is known about this potent hormone’s effects in children. Some research suggests it could, at least in theory, have effects on developing reproductive, cardiovascular, immune and metabolic systems.

Success…

“Success is the sum of small efforts, repeated day in and day out.”

-Robert Collier (American author, 1885-1950)

Post-Holiday Stress Solutions

Dr. Shawn Talbott: Post-Holiday Stress Solutions

(KUTV) Dr. Shawn Talbott visited Fresh Living with some great Post-Holiday Stress Solutions. (Watch the Video HERE)

As I write this, Halloween 2016 is a fading memory, I’m finally un-full from Thanksgiving feasting, and warm Christmas memories are just starting to get pushed aside by the New Year 2017. Like so many millions of other people, the holiday season means “busy-ness” – and being overly busy means being overly stressed. 

Too many things to do in not enough time. We’re always time-crunched – our sleep suffers, our diet and exercise patterns change (for the worse), our waistlines expand and our moods decline. 

As much as the holiday season truly is the “most wonderful time of the year” for many people, surveys show that it’s also the most high-stress time of the year. This is why “reduce stress” is always among the most popular of the New Year’s resolutions – typically behind only “lose weight” and “get in shape” in popularity. This is encouraging, not only because stress is associated with a higher risk for many diseases, but also because of the many very effective, very easy to follow strategies that can help control stress. Stress, as we all know, can come from a variety of sources – and at this time of year, turkey with the in-laws, hanging Christmas lights, and opening your post-holiday Visa bill are just some of the many sources of our escalating stress levels. 

The link between stress and disease is partly due to the fact that stress generally encourages us to eat more and exercise less – which is exactly the opposite of what we should be doing when we’re under stress. It also appears that these higher stress levels also cause a direct change in the body’s metabolic machinery – so appetite increases, fat storage accelerates, brain cells shrink, and immune cells become sluggish. Think about it – this means that holiday stress (and chronic stress in general) is making us hungry, fat, dumb, and sick – no wonder Santa can’t find good help these days. A key culprit in these metabolic changes appears to be the body’s primary stress hormone called cortisol. Cortisol is one of the hormones involved in the body’s Fight or Flight reaction to stress – so in this way cortisol is a “good” thing. But prolonged exposure to cortisol, such as those that we’ll all experience during this holiday season, are most certainly a “bad thing” because of the growing link between cortisol and health problems. Luckily, we have a lot of options for controlling stress – and guess what? – our grandmothers had it right all along. 

Getting enough sleep, regular exercise, and a balanced diet can all help to control the stress response and keep cortisol levels right where they should be. All of these approaches work – but the key here is BALANCE! By balance, I do NOT mean “deprivation” – but instead, I mean that one eggnog is better than 10 – and a slice of pumpkin pie is nicely balanced by a post-feast walk around the neighborhood. 

Here are my favorite “Super Stress Busters” – my favorite “stress balancing” foods and supplements that can be used to help bust stress and improve sleep quality. 

  • Green tea / Theanine (psychological stress) – a unique amino acid naturally found in green tea leaves. Theanine reduces the beta brain waves associated with tension/anxiety – and increases the alpha brain waves associated with relaxed alertness and calm focus. 
  • Dark Chocolate / New Zealand Pine Bark Extract (physiological stress) – contain OPCs (oligomeric proanthycyanins), that protect the body and brain from inflammatory and oxidative stress – improving both mental performance (of the brain) and physical performance (of the body). 
  • Japanese Asparagus Extract (environmental stress) – a novel amino acid profile stimulates the production of anti-stress compounds called heat-shock proteins (HSPs) that improve the body’s stress resilience at the cellular level. HSPs not only “protect” us from stress-induced cellular damage, but they help to “clean up” and repair residual damage – sort of like an internal cellar “tuneup” that keep cells running smoothly. 
  • Corn Grass Extract / Phytotonin (sleep stress) – a plant-derived phytonutrient (MBOA), a non-drowsy melatonin-like “plant-melatonin” that improves mood during the day and dramatically enhances sleep quality at night. 
  • Milk / casein decapeptide (cellular stress) – the “old wives tale” about drinking a glass of warm milk before bed to help you sleep is TRUE! The anti-stress and relaxation benefits of milk are due to a specific protein chain (decapeptide) that naturally induces a relaxation response in the brain – improving both sleep quality and stress resilience. 
  • Ashwagandha (hormonal stress) – the most revered of all the “adaptogens” in ancient Ayurvedic medicine (5,000 year history). Ashwagandha not only reduces feeling of stress and anxiety, but also helps our body to adapt to future stress by naturally balancing production of cortisol, the body’s primary stress hormone. 
  • Hemp / Cannabinoids (time stress) – “hemp” is the name for cannabis (Cannabis sativa) with no psychoactive compounds (such as THC – tetrahydrocannabinol). There are nearly 400 other cannabinoids in hemp, many of which help naturally balance the endocannabinoid systemm (ECS) in the brain – resulting in lower stress, reduced anxiety, and improved mood. Our body’s naturally produce their own “endocannabinoids” to help us adapt to stress – they’re responsible for the familiar “runner’s high” that we get after a good workout. 
  • Sugar – that’s right – sugar – it’s not exactly “toxic” like you may have read about – but you need to use it wisely. We all know that when we’re stressed out, we crave sweets. This carb-craving is because cortisol (our primary stress hormone) signals the brain to seek out sugar to “fuel” our fight-or-flight stress response. Instead of gorging on junk food to satisfy these sugar cravings, we can use the right amount of properly balanced carbohydrates to reduce cravings, while also improving daytime mood and enhancing nighttime sleep quality. Just the right amount of low-glycemic carbohydrate, about 10-20 grams (40-80 calories), can increase serotonin levels (for good mood during the day) and naturally enhance melatonin production at night (so you fall asleep faster and sleep deeper for improved sleep quality). 

By using your food (and supplements) to address different aspects of our stress response, we can effectively and naturally control existing stress – while also “vaccinating” ourselves against future stress – which increases our overall resilience to the stressful modern world in which we all live – especially during the Holidays! In bringing this balance into our holiday seasons, we’re better able to control stress and less likely to suffer the Bah-Humbugs that so many of us succumb to each year. Look at it this way, if indulging in holiday cheer just a little bit (instead of a lot) can help you control your stress levels, then you’ll be happier and healthier in the New Year. If nothing else, grandma’s gonna be happy just knowing that you took her advice – and that’ll be good for everybody’s stress level. Happy Holidays! 

Shawn M Talbott, PhD, CNS, LDN, FACSM, FAIS, FACN Nutritional Biochemist and Author  801) 915-1170 (mobile) smtalbott@mac.com 

For more information, visit ShawnTalbott.com and StressCookie.com

Dr. Shawn Talbott is a nutritional biochemist who studies “psychological vigor” (which is a combination of physical energy, mental acuity, and emotional well-being). He is the author of 13 books, was part of First Lady Michelle Obama’s “Let’s Move!” initiative to fight childhood obesity, and was recently named the “World’s Fittest CEO.”

Dietary Stress & Gut Microbes…

Could your belly fat be caused by the “dietary stress” of disrupted gut bacteria from your Western Diet?

Stress Cookies are rich in “smart carbs” such as probiotics and fiber to help healthy gut bacteria to thrive…

Gut Microbes. 2017 Jan 6:1-13. doi: 10.1080/19490976.2016.1270811. [Epub ahead of print]

Western diets, gut dysbiosis, and metabolic diseases: Are they linked?

Abstract

Obesity afflicts 36.5% of the US population and 600 million individuals world-wide. Thus, it is imperative to understand the risk factors underlying metabolic disease including diet, activity level, sleep, and genetics. Another key contributory factor is the gut microbiota given its widely reported role in the development of metabolic disease. The gut microbiota, particularly its structure and function, is heavily influenced by Western style diets rich in a complex mixture of fats and high in simple sugars. In this review, the profound impact of obesity and Western diets on the gut microbiota will be illustrated, and the following research questions will be addressed: 1) to what extent do high fat diets (HFDs) alter community membership and function and does this depend upon the amount or type of fat consumed?, 2) how rapidly do dietary shifts alter gut microbial communities?, 3) are these alterations sustained or can the microbiome recover from dietary stress?, 4) how does diet drive host-microbe interactions leading to obesity?, and 5) what can be done to restore the detrimental impact of HFD on the gut microbiota? The goal of this review is to address these questions by parsing out the effects and underlying mechanisms of how Western diets impact the gut microbiota and host. By doing so, potential avenues for further exploration and strategies for microbiome-based interventions to prevent or treat diet-induced obesity may become more apparent.

KEYWORDS:  Western Diet; dietary fat; gut microbiome; gut microbiota; metabolism; obesity; prebiotics; probiotics

PMID: 28059614

 

DOI: 10.1080/19490976.2016.1270811

Stress Cookie Special!

Happy Holidays!

Just a quick note to let you know that we’re offering a very special deal of Stress Cookies and Stress Tea for the next TWO WEEKS (until Jan 1).

Buy our most popular “Tea & Cookie Combo” (2 dozen Stress Cookies + 2 dozen servings of Stress Tea) – and get 8 servings of Stress Tea for FREE (4 of Fruit Punch and 4 of Mango Peach).

Shopping cart is here = https://www.stresscookie.com/shop/

Here’s to starting the New Year off with less stress, more energy, and better mood!

All best,

Shawn & Courtney

PS – we have several new Stress Cookie formulas coming in 2017, including one specifically formulated for SLEEP (improved sleep quality) and versions for athletes (endurance & recovery) – so please stay tuned at http://StressCookie.com

Probiotics Reduce Stress…

Recent meta-analysis shows a dramatic reduction of stress, depression, and anxiety with probiotic consumption…

J Altern Complement Med. 2016 Nov 14. [Epub ahead of print]

Probiotics and Subclinical Psychological Symptoms in Healthy Participants: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

McKean J1, Naug H1,2, Nikbakht E1,2, Amiet B1,2, Colson N1,2.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION/AIM:

Interest in the gut-brain axis and emerging evidence that the intestinal microbiota can influence central nervous system function has led to the hypothesis that probiotic supplementation can have a positive effect on mood and psychological symptoms such as depression and anxiety. Although several human clinical trials have investigated this, results have been inconsistent. Therefore, a systematic review and meta-analytic approach was chosen to examine if probiotic consumption has an effect on psychological symptoms.

METHODS:

The online databases PubMed, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library were searched for relevant studies up to July 2016. Those that were randomized and placebo controlled and measured preclinical psychological symptoms of depression, anxiety, and perceived stress in healthy volunteers pre and post supplementation with a probiotic were included. To control for differences in scales of measurement, data were converted to percentage change, and the standardized mean difference between the probiotic and control groups was investigated using Revman software. A random effects model was used for analysis. Heterogeneity was assessed using the I2 statistic. Quality assessment was undertaken using the Rosendal scale.

RESULTS:

Seven studies met the inclusion criteria and provided data for nine comparisons. All studies passed the quality analysis. The meta-analysis showed that supplementation with probiotics resulted in a statistically significant improvement in psychological symptoms (standardized mean difference 0.34; 95% confidence interval 0.07-0.61, Z = 2.49) compared with placebo.

CONCLUSION:

These results show that probiotic consumption may have a positive effect on psychological symptoms of depression, anxiety, and perceived stress in healthy human volunteers.

KEYWORDS:

meta-analysis; neuropsychology; nutrition; probiotics

PMID: 27841940
DOI: 10.1089/acm.2016.0023

Stress/Depression Predict Sleep Quality

This new study outlines precisely what we are addressing with our upcoming Sleep Cookie (sleep “quality” versus sleep “quantity”)!

Chronic stress leads to depression and poor sleep quality – which leads to more stress and more depression and even worse sleep quality – in a vicious cycle that keeps repeating and is very hard to break.

Sleep Cookies help to rebalance the stress response like our very popular Stress Cookies, but they’re specifically formulated to help you fall asleep faster, stay asleep longer (with fewer awakenings during the night) and with MUCH improved sleep quality.

Sleep Cookies will be available in January and we’re running a special on Stress Cookies until the end of the year (buy 2 dozen Stress Cookies and 2 dozen servings of Stress Tea and get 8 servings of Stress Tea for FREE).

J Am Coll Health. 2016 Dec 12:0. [Epub ahead of print]

Multilevel Analysis Exploring the Links between Stress, Depression, and Sleep Problems among Two-Year College Students.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study explored the association of stress and depression with a multidimensional sleep problems construct in a sample of 2-year college students.

PARTICIPANTS:

The sample consisted of 440 students enrolled in 2-year study from fall 2011 to fall 2013.

METHODS:

Participants in an obesity prevention study completed surveys assessing sleep, stress, and depression at baseline, 4, 12, and 24 months. Multilevel models predicting sleep problems were conducted to distinguish episodic from chronic reports of stress and depression.

RESULTS:

Participants were primarily female (68%), white (73%), young adults (M age = 22.8), with an average of 8.4 hours of sleep per night. Neither stress nor depression were predictive of sleep quantity; however, they were predictive of sleep quality.

CONCLUSIONS:

Results show that sleep quality rather than sleep quantity may be the greater health concern for young adults suggesting that intervention programs targeting depression, stress management, and healthy sleep patterns are warranted.

KEYWORDS:

Mental health; depression; sleep problems; stress; young adults

PMID:27937737

 

DOI:10.1080/07448481.2016.1269111
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